Grafting, also known as Kitchener stitch, is a technique for joining two edges, stitch by stitch. The grafted edges look exactly like a row of stitches and there is no bulky seam. Use a blunt-ended needle and follow the path of the stitches as described below. Here we look at grafting stocking stitch.
Before you begin grafting make sure that your needles are pointing in the same direction and that the wrong sides of the work are facing each other. To do this you will have to work one row less on one needle or reverse one of the needles.
Place the pieces to be grafted so that the points of the needles are to the right and the wrong sides of the fabric are placed together. The yarn should be to the right.
Thread the yarn onto a blunt-ended needle (here we have used a contrasting colour for clarity) and put the yarn needle through the first stitch of the front knitting needle purlwise. Pull the yarn all the way through and do not drop the stitch off the needle.
Then put the needle into the first stitch of the back needle knitwise. Pull the yarn through but do not drop the stitch off the needle. This sets up the first two stitches.
Now put the yarn needle into the first stitch on the front needle knitwise, pull the yarn through and drop the stitch off the needle.
Take the needle purlwise through the next stitch on the front needle and pull the yarn through but do not drop the stitch off the needle.
Put the yarn needle purlwise through the first stitch on the back needle and pull the yarn through, dropping the stitch off the knitting needle.
Take the yarn needle knitwise through the next stitch on the back needle but do not drop it off the knitting needle.
Repeat steps 4–7, which is the following sequence: purl into first stitch on front needle and drop stitch, knit into second stitch and do not drop stitch, purl into first stitch on back needle and drop stitch, knit into second stitch and do not drop stitch.
As you work you will see the stitches grafting together. Here the contrasting yarn shows how you have followed the path of the stitches.
Continue repeating the sequence to the end of the row and the completed grafting will look like this.