Seed stitch is a simple and basic pattern stitch, it adds interest and texture to plain stocking stitch and is often used for baby garments. To form seed stitch, stocking stitch is interspersed with purl stitches. These purl stitches appear as small bumps or ‘seeds’ on the otherwise smooth fabric of the stocking stitch.
For this tutorial we will be using this typical seed stitch pattern, but you can use any you like:
Row 1: (RS) knit to end
Row 2: Purl to end
Row 3: *P1, k5, rep from * to end
Row 4: Purl to end
Row 5 & 6: As 1st and 2nd rows
Row 7: K3, *p1, k5, rep from * to last 3 sts, p1, k2
Row 8: Purl to end
Cast on the required number of stitches. Make sure the stitches are even and that the interlocked row beneath the needle has an even texture. Place the needle with the cast on stitches in your left hand to begin knitting.
Purl the first stitch. Take the yarn to the back of the work and knit the next five stitches. Bring the yarn to the front of the work and purl the next stitch. Take the yarn to the back of the work and knit the next five stitches. Repeat the purl and knit sequence to the end of the row. Knit the last five stitches.
Purl the next row. Turn the work and knit the third row. Purl the next row. These three rows give you the plain stocking stitch in between the rows of seed stitch. You are now ready to begin the next pattern row.
Remember that the position of the seed stitches forms the offset pattern. Knit the first three stitches. Bring the yarn to the front of the work and purl the next stitch. Take the yarn to the back and knit the next five stitches. Continue in this way to the end of the row, knitting the last two stitches.
You can see clearly how the pattern sets the position of the purl pattern stitches to form a diagonal offset pattern. Continue this four-row pattern and repeat as instructed.